Almost a billion people, most of who are women, are unable to read a book or write their names. The illiteracy hinders them from affecting a range of other social and economic variable, especially in Africa. Illiteracy is one of the many things that contribute to the underdevelopment of the African continent. In Africa alone, the most common causes of illiteracy are child labor, uneducated parents, poverty, corrupt governments and so on. All these affect the literacy levels significantly and cause most of the people to live without the academic knowledge leave alone what’s happening in the outside world.
Child labor is one of the contributors to the low literacy levels. It affects children, some of whom are sourced for their labor especially in gold mines. These children are robbed of their right to education and work to fend for themselves, and in some instances, their families, an estimated one in five children in sub-Saharan Africa, are forced to work in farms, mines, quarries and so on. On the extreme, they are also sexually exploited, forced to work as child soldiers in war-torn countries, as well as drug trafficking. This robs them a chance for education, thereby contributing to the illiteracy level in Africa.Eradicating Illiteracy in Africa
The level of debt in some parts of Africa has contributed to illiteracy in Africa. Many children cannot afford education due to lack of funds. In some countries within Africa, education is free, but the additional costs of books, transportation, uniforms especially in rural areas, may make it hard for children to afford to learn. These expenses may be too much for a family to pay. In other countries, some governments are yet to channel adequate resources from their GDP to get an education so that it can be accessible to all. Poverty and dedication are somewhat intertwined, and many underlying factors make it hard for some people to access education in Africa.
Most African governments, if not all, are corrupt. This corruption affects all sectors, education being one of them. Failure to curb this vice has contributed to a loss of funds, which would have helped in making education more accessible to the masses, the unwillingness of some states to fight this vice can only make matters worse and increase the level of illiteracy among the masses. As such, people are left to fight for what is available because everything has been looted and no one is held accountable for any loss of resources.