Illiteracy is the inability to read and write. Literacy, on the other hands, is considered a basic human right and is attributed to higher levels of self-esteem, improved public health, as well as economic progress. There are many literacy programs in many countries of the world to ensure that the masses remain educated. However, when it comes to Africa, the illiteracy levels are still high, with 38%of adults across the continent being illiterate. That percentage has 66% of women who are not literate. In other words, most parents in these countries cannot understand the homework of their children.Eradicating Illiteracy in Africa
In 2015 alone, more than 63 million children did not access to basic or secondary education. As such, they are unable to read and write. Out of ten countries of the world with the highest Illiteracy rates, nine are from Africa. Illiteracy in Africa varies from one country to another, but it is most concentrated in the western part of the continent. These are the countries with the highest rate of Illiteracy in Africa:
This is not only the least literate county in Africa but also one of the least literate in the world. Niger has only 15% of literate people who fall above the age of 15. This reflects the poor quality of education offered there, and even though the primary education there is free, there is a very low rate of enrolment. Girls are most affected because they are traditionally placed in planned child marriages and expected to stay at home.
Illiteracy in Africa also evident in Guinea, which has 30% literacy, rates for individuals over the age of 15. They have low public school enrolment, and the government does not make education a top priority. The teaching fraternity there is largely unqualified, and the government allocates only 1% of the budget to education.
With only 32% of the literate population, South Sudan’s literacy rate has only improved a little over the past few years. This can be attributed to the 50 years of political and civil instability, violence, and warfare. This has hindered the access and the need for public education.
The adult population in Mali makes up the 33% of those who can read and write. The public deviation is free, but the rate of enrolment is very low. Poverty is associated with the inability of many families to meet the costs of sending their children to school.